Early Detection and Referral of Children with Malnutrition
Recognition, Detection and Referral of Micronutrient Deficiencies
Clinical Signs of Iron Deficiency Anaemia, Vitamin A Deficiency and Iodine Deficiency Disorders
Source: Sphere Project
Iron Deficiency Anaemia
- Pale conjunctivae (inner eyelid), nailbeds, gums, tongue, lips and skin
Iodine Deficiency Disorders - Goitre and Cretinism
- Grade 0: No palpable (can't feel) or visibly enlarged thyroid.
- Grade 1:A palpable but not visibly enlarged thyroid with neck in normal position.
- Grade 2: A palpably and visibly enlarged thyroid with neck in normal position.
- Neurological cretinism:
- Mental deficiency
- Deaf mutism
- Ataxia (lack of muscular coordination)
- Hypothyroid cretinism:
Vitamin A Deficiency - Xerophthalmia
- Night blindness
- Eye dryness accompanied by foamy accumulations on the conjunctiva (inner eyelids), that often appear near the outer edge of the iris (Bitot's spots)
- Eye dryness, dullness or clouding (milky appearance) of the cornea (corneal xerosis)
- Eye softening and ulceration of the cornea (keratomalacia). This is sometimes followed by perforation of the cornea, which leads to the loss of eye contents and permanent blindness.
Corneal ulceration (Keratomalacia)
The Sphere Project: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response: Nutrition Training Modules 2004
Nutrition Module Session 6: Handout 1a
Revolving MDDs - Question and Answer Form
14 September, 2019