Mother, Infant and Young Child Nutrition & Malnutrition Mother, Infant and Young Child Nutrition & Malnutrition - Feeding practices including micronutrient deficiencies prevention, control of wasting, stunting and underweight
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Early Detection and Referral of Children with Malnutrition

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Home  »  Early Malnutrition Detection and Referral  »  Recognition, Detection and Referral of Micronutrient Deficiencies  »  Clinical Signs of Iron Deficiency Anaemia, Vitamin A Deficiency and Iodine Deficiency Disorders

Recognition, Detection and Referral of Micronutrient Deficiencies

Clinical Signs of Iron Deficiency Anaemia, Vitamin A Deficiency and Iodine Deficiency Disorders

Source: Sphere Project


Iron Deficiency Anaemia

Iron Deficiency Anaemia
  • Pale conjunctivae (inner eyelid), nailbeds, gums, tongue, lips and skin
     
  • Tiredness
     
  • Headaches
     
  • Breathlessness


Iodine Deficiency Disorders - Goitre and Cretinism

Goitre:

Iodine Deficiency Disorders ? Goitre
  • Grade 0: No palpable (can't feel) or visibly enlarged thyroid.
     
  • Grade 1:A palpable but not visibly enlarged thyroid with neck in normal position.
     
  • Grade 2: A palpably and visibly enlarged thyroid with neck in normal position.

Cretinism:

Iodine Deficiency Disorders ? Cretinism
  • Neurological cretinism:
     
    • Mental deficiency
       
    • Deaf mutism
       
    • Spasticity
       
    • Ataxia (lack of muscular coordination)
       
  • Hypothyroid cretinism:
     
    • Dwarfism
       
    • Hypothyroidism


Vitamin A Deficiency - Xerophthalmia

  • Night blindness
     
  • Eye dryness accompanied by foamy accumulations on the conjunctiva (inner eyelids), that often appear near the outer edge of the iris (Bitot's spots)
     
  • Eye dryness, dullness or clouding (milky appearance) of the cornea (corneal xerosis)
     
  • Eye softening and ulceration of the cornea (keratomalacia). This is sometimes followed by perforation of the cornea, which leads to the loss of eye contents and permanent blindness.
Vitamin A Deficiency - Bitot's spot
Bitot's spots
Vitamin A Deficiency - Corneal ulceration (Keratomalacia)
Corneal ulceration (Keratomalacia)

Images from:
The Sphere Project: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response: Nutrition Training Modules 2004

Nutrition Module Session 6: Handout 1a
Revolving MDDs - Question and Answer Form



16 December, 2017
 


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