About Essential Nutrition Actions at Critical Stages in the Life Cycle of Women and Children
Breastfeeding mothers should continue their good eating habits from pregnancy. You are likely to feel hungrier and will need to eat more to ensure that you are receiving adequate calories and nutrients to feed your baby and remain in good health.
Key behaviours during breastfeeding:
- Eat two additional meals every day and eat a variety of foods.
- Prevent Iron Deficiency anaemia through:
- Continuing to take daily iron-folic acid or multiple micronutrient supplementations if recommended by health workers.
- Eating foods rich in iron (natural or fortified).
- Sleeping under an Insecticide Treated Mosquito Net in areas where malaria is widespread.
- Based on the national Ante-Natal Care Policy, receive one 200,000 IU dose of Vitamin A immediately after delivery or anytime within 8 weeks from the delivery.
- Use iodized salt.
- Reduce your workload and ensure you can adequately breastfeed. This means that your husband, family and employer (Baby-friendly Law) should be supportive, especially in the first six months.
- Ensure good hygiene and safe food preparation including washing thoroughly fruits and vegetables with drinkable water (protected sources, boiled or purified). Toxoplasmosis can be carried on unwashed fruits / vegetables or undercooked meat so make sure the produce is washed and the meat well done.
- Continue to go for HIV counselling and Testing or practice safer sex while breastfeeding to prevent HIV transmission to your baby through breastfeeding.
- Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole-grains, seeds and nuts (not peanuts) and brown rice.
- Drink plenty of safe water, herbal teas and tisanas.
- Understand clearly that the correct use of Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM) as family a planning method is only possible when the following three conditions are simultaneously existing:
1) You, as a lactating mother, did not get menses;
2) Baby is less than six months old; and
3) Baby is exclusively and frequently breastfed (breastfeeding gap should be no longer than six hours).
- Use family planning methods to delay next pregnancy.
6 March, 2016