Mother, Infant and Young Child Nutrition & Malnutrition Mother, Infant and Young Child Nutrition & Malnutrition - Feeding practices including micronutrient deficiencies prevention, control of wasting, stunting and underweight
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Mother, Infant and Young Child Nutrition and Malnutrition


Mother, Infant and Young Child Nutrition and Malnutrition

Mother, Infant and Young Child
Nutrition and Malnutrition

HealthPhone: Nutrition, Health, Medical Training Videos


Vikaspedia: Reaching the ‘un-reached’ communities of India

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Links to Nutrition & Malnutrition Related Sources

Nutrition

Nutrition and Malnutrition Links for India

National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) — All nutrition related data collection by NIN, research/study papers, guidelines/recommendations, publications, special events. Information of activities and work of other NIN centres like NNMB for monitoring and surveillance, FDTRC for preclinical trials, drug testing, nutrient-drug interaction food safety, nutrition and chronic diseases etc.

Breastfeeding Promotion Network of India (BPNI) — Maternity protection,breast feeding trends, infant feeding in emergencies, infant feeding in HIV, information sheets, technical papers,reports etc. Announcements training and capacity building of public health personnel, information regarding Food Rights for infants and international code of marketing of breast milk substitutes. Information support and provide latest IEC strategies for improving IYCF.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) — ICAR library, link to ICAR's research resource server which will provide latest advances in agriscience, NAIP, bio-science, publications, newsletters as well as theoretical, comoputational and statistical aspects

World Health Organization (WHO) — Health topics,Nutrition related information, WHO programmes & activities, documents, events, seminars, nutrition based meeting reports, outcomes & recommendations based on studies, publications, statistics and related topics to child and adolescent nutrition. Links to other WHO nutrition databases like Nutrition Landscape Information System,Global database of Child growth and Malnutrition Vitamin & Mineral nutrition information system.

World Food Programme (WFP) — WPF activities, world statistics, food security evaluation and maps, advise on food basket, special reports, operations, policies, information videos, publications etc.

CARE — Maternal issues, child care, HIV/AIDS,special reports, presentations, activities, nutrition projects and initiatives, publications etc.

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) — Nutritional related information, statistics, projects, research papers, technical, policy and advocacy publications, guidelines, events, conferences etc.

Nutrition Society of India (NSI) — Publications, activities, events, seminars, useful nutrition data etc.

International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS) — International union of nutritional sciences,nutrition journals, global nutrition issues and agendas, research and development in the field of nutrition, information from nutrition scientists and workshops etc.

Indian Medical Association (IMA) — Research and projects, public health information, medical and technical updates, publications, guidelines etc.

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) — Guidelines, schemes, projects, publications, research papers, health links, final reports etc. ICMR aided symposia, seminars, workshops, courses, conferences.

Department of Agriculture & Cooperation — Agriculture statistics, programmes, schemes, documents, reports and conferences, FAQ's publications etc.

National Foundation for India (NFI) — Publications, projects and research with special focus on community health, livelihood security, development journalism etc.

M S Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) — Research, training, communication, extension programs in the field of agriculture and rural development likning to sustainable food security.

National Institute of Public Cooperation and CHild Development (NIPCCD) — Research projects,documentation centre on women and children, review of maternal and child health nutrition, publications and annual reports.

National Horticulture Board (NHB) — For horticulture statistics, commodity bulletin and guidelines.

Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) — Provides information on food related acts, standards, guidelines, research and development in food processing and fortification.

Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) — Reports, publications, notices/orders, further information and links to NRHM and health programs, guidelines and policies.

National Institute of Health and Family Welfare (NIHFW) — Child health resource centre, electronic resource centre for health system policy and management, documentation and data centre, publication and related activities.

Nutrition/Diet and Chronic Disease

Key
(Focus on Low-Income Countries) indicates that the site has a specific focus on health information in developing countries.
(French) indicates text in a language other than English.
* This symbol indicates that the site has been recommended as one of the top 20 'General Resources'.

International Diabetes Federation (IDF)   (Focus on Low-Income Countries) (Portuguese, Spanish)
IDF promotes diabetes care, prevention and a cure worldwide. The site gives links to publications, press releases and diabetes-related programs and meetings.

International Obesity Taskforce (IOTF)
The IOTF is the advocacy arm of the International Association for the Study of Obesity. The site has links to international and academic organizations dealing with obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases (i.e. diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer).

ProCOR  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)  (Portuguese, Spanish)
ProCOR is a global health communication network promoting cardiovascular health in developing countries and other low-resource settings. It promotes exchange of knowledge among health workers, public health professionals, community planners, advocates, policy makers, and information specialists. ProCOR is a program of the Lown Cardiovascular Research Foundation in Brookline, Massachusetts USA.

WHO: Chronic Diseases  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)  (Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish)
This site contains information on diet-related conditions such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. It includes links to technical reports and information about WHO programs plus a 'country information' database and a Global InfoBase. Included are links to WHO sites on diabetes and obesity.

Nutrition/Food Security

Eldis Resource Guide to Food Security (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
This is a gateway to fulltext documents about food security. It contains links to material on related topics including Food Aid, Food Policy, Food Statistics, Gender and Food Security and to useful websites.

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) (Focus on Low-Income Countries) (French, Spanish)
IFPRI aims to provide policy solutions that reduce hunger and malnutrition. The site contains links to fulltext books, reports and journal articles published by the Institute including some in Spanish and French.

Nutrition/General Nutrition

AED Center for Nutrition   (Focus on Low-Income Countries)  (French, Portuguese, Spanish)
This site is the gateway to information, tools and publications of the following nutrition-related projects and programs: A2Z, BASICS, FANTA, LINKAGES, MOST, Profiles and SARA. Topics covered include adolescent and women's nutrition, infant and young child feeding and HIV, micronutrients and fortification, food security, nutrition and HIV, nutrition in emergencies and nutrition-related chronic diseases.

Arbor Clinical Nutrition Updates  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)  (French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Turkish)
Arbor Clinical Nutrition Updates are electronic nutrition publications for health professionals. Each summarizes the latest nutrition research on a specific topic and explains the relevance of new findings to clinical practice. The site gives subscription details for obtaining e-copies of these Updates, many of which are free, and contains links to some back copies.

British Association for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (BAPEN)
Although BAPEN is UK orientated, the site gives access to several resources which could be useful in low-income countries. These include a malnutrition screening tool (MUST), and links to similar associations in other countries (including South Africa and India) and to online journals.

Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO): Nutrition and Consumer Protection  (Focus on Low-Income Countries) (French, Spanish)
This site gives links to FAO's many materials and websites on food composition, nutrient requirements, household food security, nutritional assessment, national policies and strategies, and nutritional information, communication and education for communities (rural and urban) and schools. It includes links to the organization's documents on food safety and quality, and to nutrition profiles for selected low-income countries.

Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project (FANTA)  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
This site contains numerous PDF files about nutrition-related topics for low income countries, particularly those related to nutrition and HIV. The subjects include Assessment and Monitoring, Emergency Nutrition, Food Aid, Food Security, Household Food Consumption, Infant and Child Nutrition, and Women's and Adolescents' Nutrition. The project is managed by the Academy for Educational Development and funded by ID.

International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS)   (Focus on Low-Income countries) IUNS aims to promote advancement in nutrition science, research and development at the global level; to encourage collaboration among nutrition scientists and to disseminate information .. The site gives access to the reports of its various symposia and taskforces, and to articles from several nutrition journals, and links to a few other nutrition organisations.

Nutrition Information Centre, University of Stellenbosch and Tygerberg Academic Hospital (NICUS) (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
The goal of NICUS is to act as a reliable and independent source of nutrition information in South Africa. The site contains links to fulltext PDF documents on Nutrition and AIDS, Dietary Intakes, Micronutrients, Food Fortification, and Basic Fact Sheets plus links to other Internet resources. Much of the material is relevant to other countries in sub-Saharan Africa.

Nutrition Society  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
This site describes the aims, work and publications of the Nutrition Society - the largest learned society for nutrition in Europe. The organization gives guidance on professional development and nutrition training. The site includes Information Sheets on print, CD-ROM and electronic resources for 'low-income countries' and also has links to many useful international organizations and institutions.

ProNUTRITION  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
The site contains information on nutrition and HIV, Nutrition for Mothers and Children, Food Security, Malnutrition, Micronutrients and Nutrition Emergencies in developing countries. It includes newsletters, fulltext documents, links to web sites, guidelines, and assessment tools and is sponsored by AED/SatelLife. Interested users can subscribe to ProNut-HIV, an electronic email discussion forum.

PubMed - Free Fulltext Articles on Nutrition (54000+)
This PubMed search will identify all nutrition related free fulltext e-journal articles within the database. Within the search results, there are links to the fulltext material. .New fulltext articles are added to the PubMed database weekly.

UN: Standing Committee on Nutrition (SCN)  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
The SCN promotes cooperation among UN agencies and partner organizations in support of community, national, regional, and international efforts. The site contains information about the Committee and its programs plus links to numerous fulltext documents including the organization's reports, press releases and the bi-annual SCN News, a periodic review of developments in international nutrition.

WHO: Nutrition  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)  (Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish,)
This site contains links to nutrition-related documents/press releases, reports and other materials produced by WHO and other UN agencies. The topics covered include general information, WHO programs and activities, technical information, nutritional guidelines,and statistical databases (including anthropometric standards).

Towards 4 + 5 - Research Programme Consortium on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health

School Feeding global website


Nutrition/Micronutrients

Helen Keller International (HKI)  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
HKI provides expertise, training, and technical assistance to establish nutrition and eye health programs in partnership with host countries. Besides a summary of HKI's programs, the site contains PDF files of its bulletins, reports and publications on Vitamin A deficiency and other micronutrient deficiencies.

ILSI Human Nutrition Institute  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
The International Life Sciences Institute's research concentrates on micronutrient malnutrition, physiological effects of carbohydrates and dietary pattern analysis. The site contains research and policy information on these topics plus links to related reports, and to other sites dealing with micro-nutrition and malnutrition.

International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (ICCIDD) (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
The ICCIDD is an international non-governmental organization working for the sustainable elimination of iodine deficiency and the promotion of optimal iodine nutrition worldwide. The site contains information about iodine deficiencies and links to downloadable PDF files of the Council's newsletter.

International Zinc Nutrition Consultative Group (IZiNCG)   (Focus on Low-Income Countries) (French, Portuguese, Spanish)
IZiNCG is an international group that promotes and assists efforts to reduce global zinc deficiency. The site contains a series of 'technical briefs' in multiple languages and a bibliography on zinc and health.

Iron World (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
The site has extensive fulltext information and links to iron deficiency, anaemia and micronutrient health issues (assessment, intervention strategies, guidelines and policies). The site is maintained by the Iron Deficiency Project Advisory Service, based at Tufts University, U.S.

Micronutrient Forum  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
The Micronutrient Forum is a new organization that replaces the International Vitamin A Consultative Group (IVACG) and the International Nutritional anaemia Consultative Group (INACG). It focuses on the micronutrient deficiencies of public health significance, particularly vitamin A, iron, folate, iodine, and zinc. The site provides access to IVACG and INACG and other related publications, and to the proceedings of international micronutrient meetings.

Micronutrient Initiative  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
The Micronutrient Initiative is a Canada-based international non-governmental organization dedicated to eliminating micronutrient malnutrition worldwide. The site contains links to other organizations dealing with micronutrient malnutrition. The Micronutrient Initiative currently has projects in 75 countries.

PubMed - Free Fulltext Articles on Micronutrients AND Nutrition (8200+)
This PubMed search will identify all micronutrient AND nutrition related free fulltext e-journal articles within the database. Within the search results, there are links to the fulltext material. .New fulltext articles are added to the PubMed database weekly.

SIGHT AND LIFE  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)  (French, Portuguese, Spanish)
SIGHT AND LIFE exchanges information that helps to fight micronutrient malnutrition and the 'double burden' of malnutrition (i.e. under and over nutrition). The site is a humanitarian initiative of DSM, a company that produces vitamin A capsules and other products, but the content is generally regarded as reliable by the nutrition community.


Nutrition/Mother and Child

CORE Group: Nutrition Working Group  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
The CORE Group is an association of international non-governmental organizations whose aim is to promote the health and well-being of children and women in developing countries. The Nutrition Working Group site gives links to resources and sites related to positive deviance, dietary guides, breast and complementary feeding, vitamin A and zinc, food aid management and to other technical reference materials.

Global Nutrition Series.org  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
The site supports the Lancet's Series on Maternal and Childhood Undernutrition. Launched in January 2008, this series provides research evidence to support the expansion of nutrition-related programs in low-income countries. The site gives access to the Executive Summary, abstracts of key articles and other resources, and to signing up for email alerts of future materials via Free Registration.

International Baby-Food Action Network (IBFAN)  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
This organization aims to improve the health and well being of babies and young children, their mothers and their families through the protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding and optimal infant feeding practices. The site contains information about the organization and its projects plus briefing papers, press releases and newsletters.

LINKAGES Project  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)  (French, Portugese, Spanish)
The LINKAGES project (1996-2006) was funded by USAID and managed by the Academy for Educational Development. It provided technical information, assistance, and training to organizations with the aim of improving child survival, growth, and development, and maternal reproductive health, reducing mother-to-child HIV transmission and increasing child spacing. The still-active website gives links to all its publications (including, fact sheets, counselling cards, training modules and technical reports).

Quality Assurance Project (QAP) - Job Aids on HIV and Infant Feeding   (Focus on Low-Income Countries)  (Kiswahili)
The site gives access to well illustrated 'job aids' for counselling families on infant feeding options - based on recent international guidelines but adapted to conditions in East Africa.

UNICEF: Nutrition  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
This site contains an overview of nutritional issues, particularly those related to children and adolescents in low-income countries (e.g. nutrition security, micronutrients, breastfeeding, emergency care). It includes links to UNICEF's fulltext press releases and reports on these issues.

WHO: Infant Nutrition  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)  (Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish)
This site contains links to fulltext publications on infant and child nutrition and feeding, and to related WHO sites on adolescent nutrition.

World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action (WABA)  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
WABA is a global network of organizations and individuals dedicated to protecting, promoting and supporting the right to breastfeed. The site contains information about the organization and its programs plus brief overviews on key topics. WABA works in liaison with UNICEF.


Nutrition/Severe Acute Malnutrition and Emergencies

Community-based Management of Severe Acute Malnutrition  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
This 8-page document was published in 2007 by WHO, World Food Programme, UNICEF and UN Standing Committee on Nutrition. It gives an overview of the problem of severe acute malnutrition and practical information on how to implement a community-based project with ready-to-use-therapeutic foods.

Emergency Nutrition Network (ENN)  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
ENN aims to accelerate learning and strengthen institutional memory in the emergency food and nutrition sector. The organization publishes Field Exchange, a tri-annual magazine containing field articles, research and news items for those working in emergency nutrition and food security. Also available are several field manuals.

Guidelines for the Inpatient Treatment of Severely Malnourished Children  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
Published by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in June 2005, the site gives step-by-step treatment guidelines for severely malnourished children.

PubMed - Free Fulltext Articles on Malnutrition (12500+)
This PubMed search will identify all malnutrition related free fulltext e-journal articles within the database. Within the search results, there are links to the fulltext material. .New fulltext articles are added to the PubMed database weekly.

Valid International  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)
Valid International is a UK based non-governmental organization that organizes (evidence-based) community based-therapeutic care programs in many developing countries. The site contains information about the organization and its programs. It includes links to field manuals and reports about these programs.


Fulltext E-Books

* FreeBooks4Doctors  (French, German, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish)   
This site is a gateway to full-text medical books available on the Internet. Access to the links is organized by medical specialty or language (English, Spanish or German). Many of the titles are relevant for health professionals in developing countries.

Helping Health Workers Learn  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)  (Spanish)  
The site links to the fulltext pdf. version of 'Helping Health Workers Learn', a book of methods, aids, and ideas for instructors at the village level. Including hundreds of drawing and photographs, it has been written for instructors and health workers who serve the underserved in developing countries. The material is available in Spanish and is authored by David Werner and Bill Bower.

Hesperian Foundation: Downloadable Books  (Focus on Low-Income Countries)  (Spanish)     
This site lists a series of primary care books specifically designed for health workers developing countries. As of December 2006, it contains the links to the fulltext (pdf) versions in English and Spanish: Where There Is No Doctor, Where Women Have No Doctor, HIV Health and Your Community, Helping Children Who are Blind, Helping Children Who are Deaf, A Book for Midwives, A Factory Worker's Guide to Organizing for Safe Jobs and Health Communities, Where There Is No Dentist, Women's Health Exchange: A Resource for Education and Training, and, in Spanish, Donde No Hay Doctor Para Mujeres. The material is published and updated by the Hesperian Foundation, a U.S. based NGO.

Landes Bioscience Handbooks
The Landes Bioscience website contains links to over 40 fulltext medical and surgical handbooks that are resources for practical information. Also available via Eurekah.com are over 1200 chapters of current research books. Access to the developing world is free but registration is required. Contact Sara Lord for registration information.

Medical Student.com: Textbooks
Medical Student.com is targeted mainly to students in North America and Europe, but is increasingly international in its scope. The textbooks section contains links to online textbooks by broad subject. The site itself is a digital library of authoritative medical information designed to help all students of medicine. Links to other sites are selected by a process of peer review.

Merck Manuals/Online Medical Library of Diagnosis and Therapy
The site includes the latest edition to the Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, a basic clinical and pharmacological tool that provides useful clinical information to physicians, medical students, interns, residents, nurses, pharmacists, and other health-care professionals in a concise, complete, and accurate manner. The Merck Manual covers internal medicine, paediatrics, psychiatry, obstetrics, gynaecology, dermatology, pharmacology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, and a number of specialist subjects.

Merck Manual of Geriatrics
The 2nd edition of this publication contains links from an extensive table of contents and a keyword search engine. The online version includes updates of selected topics since the 2000 publication.

NCBI Booklist 
The NCBI Bookshelf is a collection of free biomedical books. The E-Books are accessed by keyword searching and also are also linked to terms in PubMed abstracts. This service is maintained by the National Library of Medicine, U.S.


Maternal and Neonatal Survival

Saving Newborn Lives, Save the Children

Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health

Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative, (POPPHI)
POPPHI is a USAID-funded three-year project focusing on the reduction of postpartum hemorrhage. Website contents include policy documents, technical briefs, posters and a toolkit for the steps of Active Management of the Third Stage of Labor which includes an animated demonstration. Resources available in English, Spanish and French.

International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO)/ International Confederation of Midwives (ICM) joint statement on prevention and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage

Access Program
The ACCESS Program is a 5-year global program, sponsored by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), that aims to improve the health and survival of mothers and their newborns.


Iron Deficiency and anaemia and other Micronutrient Deficiencies

Iron Deficiency Project Advisory Service (IDPAS)
"IDPAS Iron World" includes an outline of webpages with a diverse set of documentation related to micronutrient nutrition with emphasis on preventing and controlling iron deficiency anaemia.

WHO Global Database on anaemia
The database includes data by country on prevalence of anaemia and mean hemoglobin concentrations.

WHO Publications on Iron Deficiency/anaemia

Micronutrient Initiative

A2Z Project, The USAID Micronutrient and Child Blindness Project

Sight and Life is a non-profit humanitarian initiative of DSM with the mission of fighting micronutrient deficiencies in developing countries.


Importance of nutrition for health and development and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals

"Repositioning Nutrition as Central to Development: A strategy for largescale action"
The World Bank, 2006
Video presentation and powerpoint:
Text excerpt: "Malnutrition remains the world's most serious health problem and the single biggest contributor to child mortality. Nearly one-third of children in the developing world are either underweight or stunted, and more than 30 percent of the developing world's population suffers from micronutrient deficiencies... It has long been known that malnutrition undermines economic growth and perpetuates poverty. Yet the international community and most governments in developing countries have failed to tackle malnutrition over the past decades, even though well-tested approaches for doing so exist.

The consequences of this failure to act are now evident in the world's inadequate progress toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and toward poverty reduction more generally. Persistent malnutrition is contributing not only to widespread failure to meet the first MDG—to halve poverty and hunger—but to meet other goals in maternal and child health, HIV/AIDS, education, and gender equity...""

Pan American Health Organization's Regional Strategy and Plan of Action on Nutrition in Health and Development


Breastfeeding programs

Breastfeeding Promotion Network of India

International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN)

La Leche League International (LLLI)

World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action (WABA)


Child survival programs

The CORE Group

Countdown to 2015—Maternal, Newborn, and Child Survival

US Coalition for Child Survival


Infant feeding and HIV programs

Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation (EGPAF)

International Center for AIDS Care and Treatment Programs (ICAP)

Office of the US Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC)

The US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)

World Health Organization Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission and HIV Care Monthly Newsletter


USAID global nutrition programs

A2Z—The US Agency for International Development Micronutrient and Child Blindness Project

Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival (BASICS)

Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance (FANTA)

LINKAGES Project

US Agency for International Development (USAID)


Other global nutrition programs

Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN)

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

United Nations Standing Committee on Nutrition (SCN)

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)  

The World Bank

World Food Programme (WFP)

World Health Organization (WHO)


Nutrition data

Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS)

Lancet Series on Maternal and Child Undernutrition

Macro International Inc.

United Nations Children's Fund Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS)

World Health Organization Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition


Breastfeeding Resources

WHO - The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative, (BFHI)

UNICEF - The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative, (BFHI)

WHO publications on infant and young child feeding
Includes updated materials (January 2006) for Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative implementation (training of health workers and policy-makers, with additional sections for settings with high HIV prevalence); the International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes; and publications on breastfeeding and complementary feeding.

LINKAGES
USAID funded the 10-year LINKAGES Project (1996-2006) to provide technical information, assistance, and training to organizations on breastfeeding, related complementary feeding and maternal dietary practices, and the lactational amenorrhea method. Website includes assessment, training, counselling and monitoring and evaluation tools for infant and young child feeding.

Breastfeeding and mother-to-child HIV transmission

Breast Crawl
Provides a video as well as resources for promotion of "Breast Crawl" as a method of immediately initiating breastfeeding after delivery.


Reports and Research


Policy Tools

LINKAGES created tools to aid in policy dialogue and decision making. These tools include a model to raise awareness among policy makers of the potential benefits of improved infant and young child feeding and a model to help policy makers identify the infant feeding strategy most likely to maximize HIV-free survival under different conditions.

The spreadsheet tool consists of seven worksheets: 1) introduction, 2) assumptions, 3) breast milk production, 4) health, 5) survival, 6) fertility, and 7) summary. The spreadsheets estimate the effects of breastfeeding on a variety of functional outcomes with public policy significance.

The guide offers detailed guidance for users of the "Policy Analysis Tool for Calculating the Health, Child Spacing, and Economic Benefits of Breastfeeding (BOB)" and identifies the main features of the tool's seven worksheets and the basis for calculations.

The spreadsheet simulation model predicts HIV-free survival during several age intervals from 0 to 24 months for five different infant feeding scenarios in resource-poor settings.


Training Modules

Training was part of LINKAGES' comprehensive approach to bring about positive changes in infant and young child feeding practices. LINKAGES training modules contain information and activities on key content areas and skills related to infant and young child feeding.

LINKAGES and its local partners developed eight generic and regional modules. The table below provides an overview of each training module. Detailed one-page descriptions of each training module that provide information on the audience, purpose, content (both technical and skills), methodology, structure, materials and tools, time needed, languages available, country applications, and date developed are also available. To review one of the detailed descriptions, and download a copy of the module, click on the title of the training module below.

 

Title/Topic Audience Purpose Time Language
behaviour Change Communication for Improved Infant FeedingTrainers - Health care personnel and program staffTrain trainers in behaviour change communication skills (negotiation, experiential learning cycle, participatory group talks), training techniques, and infant feeding. Includes practice training using community module and action planning exercises.11 daysEnglish
Formative Research for Infant Feeding ProgramsProgram staffPrepare participants to conduct formative research (trials of improved practices, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions) and to use effective communication skills to plan and improve programs.5 days English
Training of Trainers for Mother-to-Mother Support Groups Trainers - Health care personnel and technical staff of PVOs/NGOsPrepare participants to train health care providers/community health volunteers to organize and facilitate mother-to-mother support groups on infant feeding.10 daysEnglish
Spanish
Chinese
LAM: A Postpartum Contraceptive Method for Women Who BreastfeedTrainers - health and family planning service providers and program staff Train health care personnel and community health workers to provide LAM within their child health, reproductive health, or family planning services. 1.5-2 days English
Spanish
French
Arabic
Integrated Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV and Support for Infant Feeding Health providersProvide participants with a basic understanding of HIV and AIDS facts and prevention, mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV, current MTCT risk reduction interventions, infant feeding in the context of HIV, and nutritional recommendations for pregnant women and new mothers in areas affected by HIV and AIDS.12 days English
Community motivators6 days
Using the Essential Nutrition Actions to Improve the Nutrition of Infants, Young Children and WomenProgram Managers and Pre-service InstructorsPrepare program managers and pre-service instructors to train service providers in an action-oriented approach to improve the nutrition of infants, young children and women. Focus is placed on the operational strategy to promote seven proven nutrition actions (breastfeeding, complementary feeding, feeding of the sick child, women's nutrition, control of anaemia, control of vitamin A deficiency, and control of iodine deficiency disorders) at six key life cycle contact points utilizing facility based and community based structures in the health sector, as well as non-health sector contact points.4 daysEnglish
Women's Nutrition throughout the Life Cycle and in the Context of HIV and AIDS Trainers/Facilitators - Health care personnel and program staffPrepare health care personnel and program staff facilitators/trainers who will train health workers how to apply the knowledge and skills in negotiation and interpersonal communication to help mothers and caregivers care for their own nutritional needs and feed their infants and young children optimally. 20 hours technical content and 10 hours skill-practiceEnglish
Training Methodologies and Principles of Adult Learning: Application for Training in Infant and Young Child Nutrition and Related TopicsTrainers/Facilitators with previous training in related topicsStrengthen the capacity of facilitators/trainers to plan, organize, and conduct training of health care workers who implement programs in infant and young child feeding, essential nutrition actions, the lactational amenorrhea method, and/or prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. 10 hours technical content and 18 hours practiceEnglish

 

Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, World Health Organization (WHO/CAH) (LDC)(French, Russian, Spanish)
The site contains information on the CAH and its programs. The Department's work includes the feeding of infants and children. The site gives full text of several publications and links to other related sites. It contains a key word search engine and some documents in French, Spanish and Russian.

Division of Nutrition for Health and Development at the World Health Organization (WHO/NHD) (LDC)(Arabic, Chinese, French, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish)
The site describes the work of the Division and explains different types of malnutrition plus information on emerging issues and nutrition research. It lists all the NHD nutrition publications currently available and gives the fulltext of many of these documents. There are good links to many other nutrition-related organizations. It contains several publications in French, Spanish and some in Portuguese, Arabic, Chinese and Russian and a regional program subject index.

International Association for the Study of Obesity
This site describes the importance, diagnosis and prevention of obesity. It is the site for the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) and its working groups. The site contains links to major UN and other reports and research finding and to the websites of related international, governmental and non-governmental organizations.

Iron World (LDC)
The site has extensive fulltext information and links to iron deficiency, anaemia and micronutrient health issues (assessment, intervention strategies, guidelines and policies). The site is maintained by the Iron Deficiency Project Advisory Service, based at Tufts University, U.S.

Nutrition Society  (LDC)
This site describes the aims, work and publications of the Nutrition Society whose headquarters are in London, UK. It gives guidance on professional development and nutrition training. The site also has links to many useful international organizations and institutions.

PubMed - Free Fulltext Articles on Nutrition (125+)
This PubMed search will identify all nutrition related free fulltext ejournal articles within the database. Within the search results, there are links to the fulltext material. By repeating this search periodically, you will find new fulltext articles that are added to the PubMed database weekly. Essential Health Links contains similar searches for most subpages listed in the Specific Health Resources table of contents.

Standing Committee on Nutrition (SCN) (LDC)
The SCN is the United Nations coordinating body for nutrition. The site describes the SCN mandate, and gives the full text on its many publications, reports of meetings, and newsletters. It also gives regular updates on nutrition information in crisis situations and is a gateway to numerous international sites of other agencies working in nutrition.

Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance (FANTA) Project
Contains full-text publications (including a community therapeutic care field manual and country-specific training manuals), Powerpoint lectures under a number of focus areas: Assessments, monitoring and evaluation; Emergency nutrition; Food aid; Food security; HIV/AIDS; Household food consumption; Infant and child nutrition; Women's and adolescents' nutrition
http://www.fantaproject.org

Illustrated Lecture Notes on Tropical Medicine - Prince Leopold Institute of Tropical Medicine, Belgium
A comprehensive series of lectures on most aspects of tropical medicine.
http://www.itg.be/itg/DistanceLearning/LectureNotesVandenEndenE/index.htm

International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders
Contains a number of full-text technical briefs on the determination of IDD including the WHO/ICCIDD/UNICEF Assessment Manual; Rapid semiquantitative urinary iodine method; Thyroid volume reference values; Salt iodization manual; Recommended iodine intake.
http://www.iccidd.org/

International Nutrition - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Presents major nutritional problems that influence the health, survival, and developmental capacity of populations in developing societies.
http://ocw.jhsph.edu/courses/InternationalNutrition/lectureNotes.cfm

Nutrition Society - Developing Practice Materials
Contains resources of use for low-income countries: Information Sheet 1: A list of Low-Cost Newsletters and Journals for Nutritionists; Information Sheet 2: Sources of Books and Other Print Materials for Low Income Countries; Information Sheet 3: Sources of CD-ROMs with nutrition information for your own or for your students' use; Information Sheet 4: E-mail listservs/discussion lists and on-line journals.
http://www.nutritionsociety.org/index.asp?nsm=2&page=221

Principles of Human Nutrition - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Provides an integrated overview of the physiological requirements and functions of protein, energy, and the major vitamins and minerals that are determinants of health and diseases in human populations.
http://ocw.jhsph.edu/courses/HumanNutrition

Sight and Life
A large array of teaching materials from videos, online manuals and posters to slide sets on vitamin A deficiency disorders.
http://www.sightandlife.org/aaHTMallg/home2.html

Topics in International Health - Wellcome Trust (UK)
Educational materials for medical and life sciences students, their teachers and other healthcare professionals.
http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/doc_WTx022177.html

United Nations - Standing Committee on Nutrition
Includes a number of country case studies of food and nutrition interventions, lectures on nutrition and nutrition policy, information on nutrition and HIV/AIDS, and publications.
http://www.unsystem.org/scn

World Health Organization - Nutrition for Health and Development
Includes WHO nutrition standards and guidelines, growth charts and a series of databases on micronutrient deficiencies (iodine, vitamin A, anaemia), infant and child feeding, child growth and malnutrition, body mass index, national nutrition policies and programmes.
http://www.who.int/nutrition/en/

Nutrition Society - Developing Practice Materials

Filed Under: Books, Journals etc | CD-ROMs, DVDs, Videos | Nutrition
Contains resources of use for low-income countries: Information Sheet 1: A list of Low-Cost Newsletters and Journals for Nutritionists; Information Sheet 2: Sources of Books and Other Print Materials for Low Income Countries; Information Sheet 3: Sources of CD-ROMs with nutrition information for your own or for your students' use; Information Sheet 4: E-mail listservs/discussion lists and on-line journals.
http://www.nutritionsociety.org/index.asp?nsm=2&page=221



6 March, 2016
 


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