Protection, Promotion and Support of Healthy Maternal, Infant and Young Child Feeding
The Essential Nutrition Actions (ENAs) Approach
Healthy complementary Feeding for Children 6-35 months
- Complementary feeding for children after completion of 6 months of age up to one year
All mothers are counselled by a trained service provider on how to:
- Start complementary feeding after completion of 6 months of age and why.
- Continue breastfeeding.
- Provide children with frequent small feeds throughout the day
- Increase the amount and density of food as the child gets older and use a separate bowl for each child.
- Ensure the child has a variety of food including energy-dense foods and fortified foods.
- Interact with the child during feeding (active feeding)
- Safely prepare and store the child's food.
For more information, check
- Complementary feeding for children from one to three years
All mothers are counselled by a trained service provider to:
- Continue breastfeeding up to two years (if not HIV positive).
- Maintain the healthy feeding habits started after completion of 6 months of age (FADUA: frequency, amount, density, use of food and active feeding).
- Make the best use of available family food.
- Prevent bad feeding habits (sweetened foods and fizzy drinks).
- Introduce the child to good hygiene practices before and while eating.
Complementary feeding guidelines - India
A very comprehensive overview of appropriate complementary feeds
- Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS ( (PMTCT)
- Control of Child Iron Deficiency Anaemia
- Control of Child Vitamin A Deficiency
- Monthly Growth Monitoring and Promotion
- All children are monthly weighed and their growth is plotted on the Growth Monitoring Chart.
- Their mothers are adequately informed and counselled using the
- Children who do not gain weight for more than two months or are losing weight or fall below the bottom line are promptly referred / treated.
- The Table of Minimum Expected Weight Gain gives the expected weights after one month and after two months. It can be used to check on a child's growth.
- Plotting on the Child Health Card can not be continued from the previous session if the child has missed one missed one monthly weighing session.
14 September, 2019