Mother, Infant and Young Child Nutrition & Malnutrition Mother, Infant and Young Child Nutrition & Malnutrition - Feeding practices including micronutrient deficiencies prevention, control of wasting, stunting and underweight
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Protection, Promotion and Support of Healthy Maternal, Infant and Young Child Feeding

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Home  »  Nutrition Protection, Promotion & Support  »  The Essential Nutrition Actions (ENA) Approach  »  Control of Vitamin A Deficiency

The Essential Nutrition Actions (ENAs) Approach

Control of Vitamin A Deficiency

Post-partum Vitamin A supplementation

  • All mothers should receive one 200,000 IU dose of Vitamin A after delivery or within 8 weeks from delivery.

Vitamin A supplementation

  • All children aged 6-12 months should receive one 100,000 IU dose of Vitamin.
     
  • Children aged 1-5 years should receive 200,000IU dose of Vitamin A every six months
     
  • All infant under 6 months not on breast milk should be given 50,000 IU of Vitamin A.
     
  • All adults with impaired immune system and children suffering from measles, persistent diarrhoea, acute respiratory infection, chickenpox, severe malnutrition and xerophtalmia should receive treatment dose of Vitamin A according to the VAD Management Protocol.

Adequate micro-nutrient intake

  • Infants should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months and continue to be breastfed up to twenty-four months.
     
  • At six months, infants need to be given locally available Vitamin A-rich sources in addition to breast milk.
     

  • All women should be counselled on how to increase Vitamin A-intake through locally available Vitamin A-rich sources. Because Vitamin A is fat-soluble, the diet needs to have a little amount of fats (ghee, sunflower oil, nuts and seeds, peanut butter and avocado).
     
  • Children 6-35 months from low-income families that can not access the minimum required diet should be supported by means of fortified food supplementation and sprinkles.

For a comprehensive overview, check the Message Booklet for nutrition actions at critical life stages of women and children




6 March, 2016
 


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