Mother, Infant and Young Child Nutrition & Malnutrition Mother, Infant and Young Child Nutrition & Malnutrition - Feeding practices including micronutrient deficiencies prevention, control of wasting, stunting and underweight
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Protection, Promotion and Support of Healthy Maternal, Infant and Young Child Feeding

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Home  »  Nutrition Protection, Promotion & Support  »  The Essential Nutrition Actions (ENA) Approach  »  Healthy Maternal Nutrition

The Essential Nutrition Actions (ENA) Approach

Healthy Maternal Nutrition

Nutrition during pregnancy:

  1. Control of Maternal Iron Deficiency Anaemia
     
  2. Adequate food-intake

All pregnant women should be counselled by a trained service provider on:

  • Increased energy intake through one additional meal a day.
     
  • Improved variety (cereal/starchy roots plus animal foods/legumes/nuts plus fruit/vegetable).
     
  • Reduced workload (or at least have regular resting moments).
     
  • Daily use of iodized salt for all family members.
     
  • Monitor weight gain in pregnancy (a woman should gain 10-12 kg weight during pregnancy)
  1. Get ready for breastfeeding

All pregnant women should be counselled by a trained service provider on:

  • Initiation of breastfeeding within 60 minutes from birth.
     
  • Importance of colostrums or "First Milk".
     
  • Feeding only breast milk, no water or other liquids/foods for the first six months.
  1. Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS (PMTCT)  


Nutrition during breastfeeding:

  1. Control of Maternal Iron Deficiency Anaemia
     
  2. Adequate food-intake

All breastfeeding mothers should be counselled by a trained service provider on:

  • Increased energy intake through two additional meals a day (a lactating mother requires 550 calories extra per day).
  • Improved variety (cereal/starchy roots plus animal foods/legumes/nuts plus fruit/vegetable).
  • Reduced workload (or at least have regular resting moments).
  • Daily use of iodized salt for all family members.
  • Continue to breastfeed during common illnesses and pregnancy.
  1. Birth spacing
  • All breastfeeding mothers should be clearly advised by a trained service provider on the correct use of Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM) as family planning method based on the simultaneous existence of all conditions below:
  1. Lactating mother did not get menses;
     
  2. Baby is exclusively and frequently breastfed;
     
  3. Baby is less than six months old.
  • Prescribed contraceptives by health workers should not have side effects on breastfeeding


6 March, 2016
 


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