Mother, Infant and Young Child Nutrition & Malnutrition Mother, Infant and Young Child Nutrition & Malnutrition - Feeding practices including micronutrient deficiencies prevention, control of wasting, stunting and underweight
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Information Management Systems

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Home  »  Information Management Systems  »  Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation  »  Introduction

Setting up and managing a Comprehensive Information Management System

Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation


Planning through appropriate decision-making and program design should be based on baseline indicators as the starting point. A hierarchy of nutritional interventions should take into account national objectives/targets and available resources with a fine balance between preventive and curative priorities. The decision about whether or when to intervene with selective feeding programs needs to be based on indicators that are in line with international standards but are also adapted to the local context (e.g. inclusion of aggravating factors). Timely availability of reliable data and information can support advocacy, strategic partnerships and resource mobilization.

Monitoring looks closely at efficiency which refers to an intervention's capability to utilize inputs like time and resources to produce results with the least amount of wastage.

Evaluation is generally used to assess intervention efficiency, effectiveness and impact. Effectiveness is a measure of the intervention's productivity in yielding the desired results while impact is the extent to which the results actually work to achieve the set objective.

The Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) System should draw as much as possible from already established databases that are relevant for monitoring nutrition, health, food security and poverty. The establishment of one M&E Working Group may improve coordination of different stakeholders involved in collection and analysis of data with an agreed bi-annual meeting schedule.

14 September, 2019

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